It is used in all of these industries in many ways. It is magnetic.It is a hard metal. Cobalt-60 is used in medicine as it produces gamma rays. Although these naturally found alloys have interesting uses and properties, cobalt can be added to other elements like tungsten, nickel, and samarium to form superalloys. It’s part of vitamin B-12. The first thing most people think of when they hear the word cobalt is the color blue. Your email address will not be published. Some alloys go into making jet engines and gas turbine engines. Cobalt is used in electroplating, a process in which a layer of material is applied to an object to give it a particular aesthetic or protective quality. In this article, we’ll introduce 7 uses of cobalt you mightn’t know. When cobalt is alloyed with nickel and aluminum, it can be made into powerful magnets. This vitamin is essential for making red blood cells. Three of the main uses of cobalt are as a metal alloy, for electroplating and in batteries. Iron has a Curie point of 769 ° C, nickel of 358 ° C, and cobalt of 1150 ° C. The magnetic steel containing 60% cobalt has a coercive force 2.5 times higher than that of ordinary magnetic steel. Cobalt is currently best known as an important ingredient in lithium-ion batteries, but there are plenty of other cobalt uses to know. Cobalt salts are used to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics. Another alloy, called Alnico, consists of of aluminum, nickel and cobalt and is strongly magnetic. Under the vibration environment, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its magnetism. These superalloys account for nearly half of the cobalt used eac… Despite the many uses for cobalt metal, cobalt's primary applications are in the chemical sector, which accounts for about half of the total global demand. Cobalt improves the performance of rechargeable batteries and plays an important role in hybrid electric vehicles. Cobalt is also p… Cobalt-60 is also used in blast furnaces to determine times and to quantify income to measure the furnace performance. Cobalt is normally in its +2 oxidation state as an ion.Some chemical compounds contain cobalt ions in its +4 oxidation state. Cobalt has had and still has many uses in the world today. In medicine, it is used to treat cancer and to sterilize medical equipment. Cobalt black pigments mainly include iron-cobalt black and iron-cobalt chrome black. However cobalt is not just a pretty face. The chemical composition of cobalt blue is CoO • Al2O3. The temperature at which magnetism is lost by heat is called the Curie point. It can also replace zinc in some biochemical reactions. In a similar way, it is being used to make paint pigments. Headquartered in Lake Forest, California, USA, ARM is a leading manufacturer & supplier of refractory metals across the world, providing customers with high-quality refractory metal such as tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, rhenium, titanium, and zirconium at a very competitive price. When its a free market, which sometimes happens, the sales can be between independent traders and consumers, as well as between merchants and their fellow merchants. Since then the range of applications that benefit from Cobalt-60 irradiation has grown Cobalt was also used to colour glass in the Chinese Tang dynasty from 618 AD. It’s needed for making red blood cells (erythropoiesis). Cobalt is a hard gray metal element. It is used in magnets and magnetic recording media. Despite being relatively common, it's … The Uses of Cobalt in the Field of Battery Material. It is also used as catalysts for the petroleum and chemical industries. Cobalt is also widely used in the medical field. Alloys, or mixtures of metals, make up half the cobalt used each year. Cobalt is widely used in batteries and in electroplating. The basic chemical formula of iron-cobalt black is (Fe, Co) Fe2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic green bodies. In addition, cobalt is also used in artificial joint materials and dental fillings. Insufficient amounts result in glucose intolerance in humans. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. Cobalt is one of the few metals that remain magnetic after a single magnetization. Stellite alloys, containing cobalt, chromium, and tungsten, are used for high-speed, heavy-duty, high temperature cutting tools, and for dies. Now that we know what cobalt is and some its cool properties, let's look at some uses of this metal. ue to its good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in production and our life. Currently, nearly 40% of cobalt … She is a graduate of the University of Maryland. When water is present, the test paper goes from blue to pink. Lisa Rowan is a researcher and blog contributor. These are called biochemical reaction activators. The large role cobalt plays in cathode technology is, in part, why the EU and the USA class cobalt as a critical raw material. These magnets are used in hearing aids, microphones and compasses. Cobalt (Co) is a metal used in numerous diverse commercial, industrial, and military applications, many of which are strategic and critical. It is also is specifically made for use in gamma irradiation plants – it is not a waste product of nuclear power plants. Cobalt is only in the body as part of vitamin B-12. If you want to know more about the cobalt or other refractory metals, you can visit Advanced Refractory Metals (ARM) for more information. The element has been used for hundreds of years, but was named in 1735 by a chemist named Brandt. Cobalt is also a bio-essential element and is found in the centre of vitamin B12. Elec… Though still used in pigments, cobalt plays a variety of roles in modern technology. Sales agents were also oftentimes used by both parties. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. Beneficial Uses of Cobalt-60 In the mid-1950s the increasing demand for sterile single-use medical devices led to a rapid expansion in the use of gamma irradiation to sterilize products as the technology provided a very effective means of ensuring sterility. In addition, it has strong weather resistance, acid and alkali resistance, heat resistance up to 1200 degrees Celsius, suitable for coloring pigments for ceramics, glass, enamel, and other materials. Cobalt is an essential part of vitamin B12. The use of cobalt-based alloys containing 20% ​​-27% chromium in the structural materials of aviation turbine engines can achieve high oxidation resistance without using any protective coating. Tungsten Copper Alloy vs Molybdenum Copper Alloy, Features & Applications of Tungsten Crucibles. The Uses of Cobalt in the Field of Pigment. It dissolves slowly in acids.This reaction makes hydrogen and a salt of cobalt. Application Of Tungsten And Tungsten Alloys, Advantages And Disadvantages Of Titanium Used in Automobile Industry, Properties & Applications of Molybdenum Copper Alloy. It is alloyed with iron, nickel and other metals to make Alnico, an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important uses. Cobalt is used in electroplating, a process in which a layer of material is applied to … 60Co isotope used as radioactive tracer for the production of gamma rays. Cobalt is used mostly in cathodes in rechargeable batteries and in superalloys for turbine engines in jet aircraft. Cobalt chemicals are used in the metallic cathodes of rechargeable batteries, as well as in petrochemical catalysts, ceramic pigments, and glass decolorizers. Cobalt chloride paper is used to test for the presence of water leaking through tiny cracks in pipes or porcelain. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. alloyed with iron, nickel and other metals to make Alnico, an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important uses (jet engines and gas turbine engines) Cobalt deficiency in animals, especially ruminants, can cause diseases such as decreased digestive capacity and anemia, so trace cobalt is widely added to animal feed. Uses of Cobalt Cobalt is used in alloys for aircraft engine parts and in alloys with corrosion/wear resistant uses. The main use of cobalt is for lithium batteries. Because of its superior magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in the manufacture of high-performance magnetic materials. Alloys of cobalt make up half of global cobalt use each year. In this case, the cobalt can come from several sources including official and unofficial producers, releases from government stockpiles, a… Thank you for reading our article and we hope it can help you to have a better understanding of the uses of cobalt. Cobalt alloys are used in orthopedic implants alongside titanium and stainless steel. Cobalt salts are used to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics. The following uses for cobalt are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Alnico magnets can be found in hearing aids, compasses and microphones. Organ meats, mushrooms, wheat germ, and broccoli are all good dietary sources of chromium. Chromium is also vital for good health. Due to its appearance, hardness and resistance to corrosion, cobalt is often used in electroplating. Currently, nearly 40% of cobalt consumption is used for rechargeable battery materials, such as lithium cobaltate for lithium-ion batteries and cobaltous oxide for nickel-metal hydride batteries. Cutting tools can be made with stellite alloys, which contain cobalt, chromium and tungsten. Superalloys, which are used to make parts for gas turbine engines, are another major use for … Chromite is used in high-temperature applications, such as blast furnaces and molds for firing bricks, because it retains strength at high temperature. Cobalt-57 is also used in medicine. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Cobalt-60 is used in the inspection of materials to reveal internal structure, flaws, or foreign objects and in the sterilization of food. Copyright © 1994-2019 Stanford Advanced Materials, All Rights Reserved. It also maintains the nervous system. When the producers controlled the cobalt market, the majority of its sales occurred as direct transactions between the producers and the consumers. Cobalt-60, a radioactive form of the element, can treat some forms of cancer. Most cobalt used in the United States is imported. Iron is more reactive and copper is less reactive. Tool steel containing a certain amount of cobalt can significantly improve its wear resistance and cutting performance. Lithium cobalt oxide is a solid electrolyte with high energy density and high environmental safety. Cobalt combines other metal carbide grains in the alloy composition to make the alloy tougher and reduce the sensitivity to impact. Cobalt is used in electroplating for its attractive appearance, hardness, and resistance to oxidation. Cobalt is a silver-gray metal with element symbol Co, atomic number 27, a melting point of 1495 ℃, and a boiling point of 2870 ℃. Cobalt is widely used in batteries and in electroplating. This alloy is welded to the surface of the part and can increase the life of the part by 3-7 times. Read More on This Topic cobalt processing: Cobalt-60 The substance can also sterilize medical supplies. These are used in radiotherapy, sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and measuring the density of an object. Heat and humidity are two factors that help determine our outdoor comfort level in summer. The radioactive isotope of cobalt can treat skin diseases and malignant tumors. On a global basis, the leading use of cobalt is in rechargeable battery electrodes. Required fields are marked *. One of the most common applications for cobalt is its use as an alloy. Overview Information Cobalt is a metal that is found in nature. These properties have led to cobalt’s use in several core applications integral … Cobalt is a transition metal.It is shiny and conducts electricity. Cobalt steel loses only 2% -3.5% of its magnetism. Cobalt is also used to make alloys for jet engines and gas turbines, magnetic steels and some types of stainless steels. Gamma Knife® is a registered trademark of Elekta Instruments, Inc. Cobalt-60 therapy can be used anywhere on the body. This salt may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. It is one of the main uses of Cobalt really. Your email address will not be published. Cobalt Chloride is used for Macrocytic anemia and other conditions. Used as drying agents for paints and inks. It is moderately reactive. The metal is used in electroplating because of its appearance, hardness, and resistance to oxidation. Stellite hard alloys containing more than 50% cobalt will not lose their original hardness even if heated to 1000 ℃. Therefore, the cobalt-based alloy is widely used in the aerospace and modern military fields. Cobalt is also used in other magnetic steels and stainless steels, and in alloys used in jet turbines and gas turbine generators. While the purified metal is a grey steel color, the salts that include cobalt atoms are many shades of blue. In 1739, Georg Brandt discovered it while studying minerals that gave glass a deep blue color. In cobalt-60 therapy, cobalt-60-generated gamma radiation is used to destroy tumors. The chemical formula of iron-cobalt chrome black is (Co, Fe) (Fe, Cr) 2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic glazes, and the coloring mechanism is also metal mixed-phase coloring. Cobalt is used in alloys for aircraft engine parts and in alloys with corrosion/wear resistant uses. Just 2.6 gallons (10 liters) of the material can suck all the air from a room, the researchers said. The lithium-ion battery is the most commonly used type of battery with cobalt being found in the cathode. Cobalt has some of the same jobs as manganese and zinc. Compared with Ni-Cd and Ni-Mn, the advantages of lithium batteries are wide voltage range, high energy density, and environmental protection. Annual global cobalt consumption was approximately 75,000 metric tons in 2011; China, Japan, and the United States (in order of consumption amount) were the top three cobalt-consuming countries. Cobalt salts have bee… One of the cores of lithium-ion batteries is its positive electrode material, which uses lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). As previously mentioned, cobalt is usually found as an alloy within the earth. Today, cobalt's uses range from health and nutrition to industry. Cobalt steel loses only 2% -3.5% of its magnetism. Cobalt salts are used to produce vivid shades of blue in porcelain, glass, pottery and tiles. Cobalt-60, a radioactive isotope of cobalt, is an important source of gamma rays and is used to treat some forms of cancer and as a medical tracer. Detailed information related to Cobalt Chloride's uses, side-effects, reviews, questions, interactions, and precautions is as follows: This element’s uses include alloys, electronics, chemicals, agriculture, and health industries. Cobalt compounds can be used as catalysts in the petrochemical industry and as adhesives in the rubber tire industry. Cobalt-60 therapy is also known as Gamma Knife® therapy. COBALT MAY NOT BE RARE, BUT IT IS VALUABLE. Radioactive 60 Co is used in the treatment of cancer. Due to its good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in production and our life. Cobalt is a lustrous very hard silvery metal belonging to a group called the "transition metals". Cobalt-60 (60 Co) is a synthetic radioactive isotope of cobalt with a half-life of 5.2713 years. Cobalt has been used by civilizations for centuries to create beautiful deep blue glass, ceramics, pottery and tiles. The US government treats cobalt as a strategic metal because a shortage would affect the economy, industry and defense of the country. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. Cobalt, which has the element symbol Co, is a metal usually obtained through mining nickel, silver, lead, copper and iron. It can replace manganese in activating several enzymes. Under the vibration environment, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its magnetism. Cobalt alloys are widely used for aircraft engine parts, as the high temperature strength is an important factor. Superalloys containing cobalt are used in the production of jet engines and gas turbine engines for energy generation. She has worked as a reporter, photographer and editor for weekly newspapers in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Therefore, the cobalt-based alloy is widely used in the aerospace and modern military fields. A Pennsylvania native, she considers Washington, D.C. to be her adopted home. In addition to these traditional uses, cobalt is used in a number of industrial applications. Cobalt (Co), chemical element, ferromagnetic metal of Group 9 (VIIIb) of the periodic table, used especially for heat -resistant and magnetic alloys. The Idaho Cobalt Project states that approximately 70 percent of hip replacements use cobalt-chrome femoral stems. In fact all the way up until the beginning of the 20 th century people have only really exploited cobalt for its beautiful colour. When the temperature is above 1038 ℃, the superiority of the cobalt-based alloy is revealed, and it is particularly suitable for making high-efficiency high-temperature engines and steam turbines. The coloring mechanism belongs to metal mixed-phase coloring. Cobalt is used in many alloys & super alloys to make parts in aircraft engines, gas turbine, high-speed steels, corrosion resistant alloys, cemented carbides. (Cobalt Periodic) Cobalt is a part in a lot of steels, specifically in super alloys. The cobalt blue pigment has a bright color. The cobalt purple pigment used for decoration of ceramics, glass and other products is cobalt phosphate, the chemical formula is Co3 (PO4) 2, which is blue-phase purple, and is synthesized by the dry solid phase. When cobalt is alloyed with other metals, very strong magnets are created. Electroplating. Cobalt provides objects with an attractive surface that prevents rusting. Cobalt chloride, sulfate, acetate or nitrate can correct mineral deficiency in grazing animals living on cobalt-deficient soil. It can be used to work out how much vitamin B12 is being taken in by the human body. In September 2014, researchers in Denmark reported that they'd created a crystalline material that can draw oxygen from air, store it, and then release it as needed. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. 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